Supreme Court Overturns Chevron Doctrine: Impact on Administrative Law and Bitcoin Industry

In a landmark decision on June 28, 2024, the Supreme Court of the United States, by a 6-3 vote, overruled the longstanding Chevron doctrine, fundamentally reshaping the landscape of administrative law and judicial review. The case, Loper Bright Enterprises v. Raimondo, signals a significant shift in the balance of power between the judiciary and administrative agencies. This decision not only reinforces judicial independence but also presents substantial benefits for the Bitcoin industry, echoing the implications of last year’s West Virginia v. EPA decision.

The Case

The Chevron doctrine, established in Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 467 U.S. 837 (1984), required courts to defer to agency interpretations of ambiguous statutes as long as the interpretation was deemed reasonable. This two-step framework had become a cornerstone of administrative law, often tipping the scales in favor of agency authority over judicial oversight.

In Loper Bright, the petitioners challenged a National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) rule that required Atlantic herring fishermen to bear the cost of onboard observers, arguing that the Magnuson-Stevens Act (MSA) did not authorize such a mandate. The lower courts had upheld the NMFS rule, applying Chevron deference to conclude that the agency’s interpretation was permissible.

The Supreme Court's Ruling

Chief Justice Roberts, writing for the majority, delivered a decisive opinion that dismantles Chevron deference. The Court held that the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) requires courts to exercise independent judgment when interpreting statutes, rejecting the notion that ambiguities in law should default to agency interpretations.

"Chevron defies the command of the APA that ‘the reviewing court’—not the agency whose action it reviews—is to ‘decide all relevant questions of law’ and ‘interpret . . . statutory provisions,’" Roberts wrote. "It requires a court to ignore, not follow, ‘the reading the court would have reached’ had it exercised its independent judgment. … Chevron cannot be reconciled with the APA…" Slip Op., at 21 (emphasis added).

The ruling emphasizes that statutory ambiguities do not automatically delegate interpretive authority to agencies. Instead, courts must use traditional tools of statutory construction to determine the best reading of a statute, ensuring that agencies do not exceed their conferred powers.

Impact on Bitcoin and Bitcoin Mining

The implications of this ruling extend far beyond administrative law, reaching into the heart of the Bitcoin mining industry. Much like the Supreme Court’s decision in West Virginia v. EPA, which curbed the Environmental Protection Agency’s overreach, this ruling reinforces the need for clear congressional authorization before agencies can impose significant regulatory burdens.

For the Bitcoin mining industry, this decision is a clear win. Regulatory uncertainty has long been a thorn in the side of Bitcoin miners, who rely on predictable and stable access to power and other resources. By curbing the ability of agencies to unilaterally expand their regulatory reach, the Court has created a more favorable environment for Bitcoin mining operations.

Bitcoin miners have often been at the mercy of shifting regulatory landscapes, which can dramatically impact their operations. With the Chevron doctrine overturned, any future regulatory attempts to impose such burdens will require explicit and unambiguous congressional authorization, followed by detailed judicial scrutiny.

This decision also invigorates the major question doctrine, which posits that significant regulatory actions with vast economic and political implications require clear congressional authorization. This doctrine can be a powerful tool for Bitcoin miners and other industries to challenge regulatory overreach, ensuring that agencies cannot impose wide-ranging policies without clear legislative backing.

Furthermore, recent developments have seen the Biden Administration intensify oversight on the U.S. Bitcoin mining sector through an Energy Information Agency (EIA) emergency survey, portraying electricity usage by miners as a significant threat to national grid stability. This move demanded detailed disclosures from miners and mirrored actions in countries like Venezuela, signaling a concerning trend towards building a full registry of mining activities. The industry's response united against such overreach and resulted in a decisive victory against the Federal Government.

Insights from the NRA and Cantero Cases

The recent NRA and Cantero cases further illuminate the judicial shift towards protecting industry autonomy from regulatory overreach. In both cases, the courts have shown a willingness to scrutinize agency actions that appear to exceed their statutory authority. The NRA case, dealing with banking regulations, and the Cantero case, focusing on state versus federal regulatory powers, underscore the importance of clear legislative directives. These cases have set a precedent that benefits the Bitcoin mining industry by highlighting the judiciary’s role in curbing unwarranted regulatory expansion, akin to the protections now reinforced by the Supreme Court’s rejection of Chevron deference.

Final Thoughts

The Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Chevron represents a monumental shift towards judicial independence and a recalibration of the administrative state. For the Bitcoin industry, this ruling is particularly significant, promising a more predictable and less burdensome regulatory environment.

As industries and legal practitioners grapple with the implications of this ruling, one thing is clear: the era of agency deference has been significantly curtailed, marking a new chapter in the interpretation and application of federal laws. This ruling underscores the importance of clear legislative mandates and may prompt Congress to take a more active role in defining the scope of agency powers moving forward.

For Bitcoin miners, this decision is a beacon of hope, heralding a future where regulatory overreach can be more effectively challenged, fostering a more stable and supportive environment for the growth and sustainability of the industry. As the judiciary reclaims its role as the ultimate arbiter of the law, the Bitcoin mining community, and Americans as a whole, can now look forward to a more balanced and just regulatory landscape.

This is a guest post by Colin Crossman. Opinions expressed are entirely their own and do not necessarily reflect those of BTC Inc or Bitcoin Magazine.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much gold can you keep in your portfolio

The amount of capital required will affect the amount you make. Start small with $5k-10k. You could then rent out desks and office space as your business grows. This will allow you to pay rent monthly, and not worry about it all at once. Rent is only paid per month.

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You need to determine what kind or income you want before you decide how much of it you will need.

I would recommend that you start with $1k-2k worth of gold and then increase your wealth.

How Much of Your IRA Should Be Made Up Of Precious Metals

You should remember that precious metals are not only for the wealthy. You don’t need to have a lot of money to invest. You can actually make money without spending a lot on gold or silver investments.

You could also consider buying physical coins like bullion bars, rounds or bullion bars. Also, you could buy shares in companies producing precious metals. Another option is to make use of the IRA rollover programs offered by your retirement plan provider.

You will still reap the benefits of owning precious metals, regardless of which option you choose. Although they aren’t stocks, they offer the possibility for long-term gains.

And unlike traditional investments, they tend to increase in value over time. You'll probably make more money if your investment is sold down the line than traditional investments.

Can I buy or sell gold from my self-directed IRA

Your self-directed IRA can be used to purchase gold, but first you need to open an account with a brokerage firm such as TD Ameritrade. If you have an existing retirement account, you can transfer funds to another one.

Individuals can contribute as much as $5,500 per year ($6,500 if married filing jointly) to a traditional IRA. Individuals may contribute up to $1,000 ($2,000 if married, filing jointly) directly into a Roth IRA.

You should consider buying physical gold bullion if you decide to invest in it. Futures contracts are financial instruments that are based on gold's price. They allow you to speculate on future prices without owning the metal itself. However, physical bullion is real gold or silver bars you can hold in your hands.

What is a Precious Metal IRA?

A precious metal IRA allows for you to diversify your retirement savings in gold, silver, palladium and iridium. These precious metals are extremely rare and valuable. They make excellent investments for your money and help you protect your future from inflation and economic instability.

Precious metals are often referred to as “bullion.” Bullion is the physical metal.

Bullion can be purchased through many channels including online retailers and large coin dealers as well as some grocery stores.

A precious metal IRA allows you to invest directly in bullion, rather than buying stock shares. You'll get dividends each year.

Precious metal IRAs are not like regular IRAs. They don't need paperwork and don't have to be renewed annually. Instead, you only pay a small percentage on your gains. Plus, you can access your funds whenever you like.

Can I hold a gold ETF in a Roth IRA?

While a 401k may not offer this option for you, it is worth considering other options, such an Individual Retirement Plan (IRA).

A traditional IRA allows contributions from both employee and employer. A Employee Stock Ownership Plan, or ESOP, is another way to invest publicly traded companies.

An ESOP provides tax advantages because employees share ownership of company stock and profits the business generates. The tax rate on money that is invested in an ESOP is lower than if it was held in the employees' hands.

A Individual Retirement Annuity is also possible. An IRA allows for you to make regular income payments during your life. Contributions to IRAs don't have to be taxable

Should You Buy Gold?

Gold was once considered an investment safe haven during times of economic crisis. However, today many people are turning away from traditional investments such as stocks and bonds and instead looking toward precious metals such as gold.

The trend for gold prices has been upward in recent years but they still remain low relative to other commodities like silver and oil.

Experts think this could change quickly. Experts believe that gold prices could skyrocket in the face of another global financial crisis.

They also pointed out that gold is gaining popularity due to its perceived value, and potential return.

If you are considering investing in gold, here are some things that you need to keep in mind.

  • Consider first whether you will need the money to save for retirement. You can save money for retirement even if you don't invest in gold. Gold does offer an extra layer of protection for those who reach retirement age.
  • Second, make sure you understand what you're getting yourself into before you start buying gold.There are several different types of gold IRA accounts available. Each offer varying degrees of security and flexibility.
  • Last but not least, gold doesn't provide the same level security as a savings account. If you lose your gold coins, you may never recover them.

You should do your research before buying gold. Protect your gold if you already have it.


  • You can only purchase gold bars at least 99.5% purity. (
  • The price of gold jumped 131 percent from late 2007 to September 2011, when it hit a high of $1,921 an ounce, according to the World Gold Council. (
  • This is a 15% margin that has shown no stable direction of growth but fluctuates seemingly at random. (
  • If you accidentally make an improper transaction, the IRS will disallow it and count it as a withdrawal, so you would owe income tax on the item's value and, if you are younger than 59 ½, an additional 10% early withdrawal penalty. (
  • Gold is considered a collectible, and profits from a sale are taxed at a maximum rate of 28 percent. (

External Links

How To

Gold Roth IRA guidelines

Starting early is the best way to save for retirement. As soon as you become eligible, which is usually around age 50, start saving and keep it up throughout your career. To ensure sufficient growth, it is vital that you contribute enough each year.

Additionally, tax-free opportunities like a traditional 401k or SEP IRA are available. These savings vehicles permit you to make contributions, but not pay any tax until your earnings are withdrawn. These savings vehicles are great for those who don't have access or can't get employer matching funds.

It's important to save regularly and over time. If you don't contribute the maximum amount, you will miss any tax benefits.


By: Colin Crossman
Title: Supreme Court Overturns Chevron Doctrine: Impact on Administrative Law and Bitcoin Industry
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Published Date: Fri, 28 Jun 2024 15:30:00 GMT

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